Gulf of Martaban Map

The Gulf of Martaban, sometimes known as the Gulf of Mottama, is an arm of the Andaman Sea in southern Burma. The gulf takes its name from the port city of Mottama (formerly known as Martaban). It receives water from the Sittaung, Salween, and Yangon rivers. The tide-dominated shoreline of the Gulf of Martaban is one of its distinguishing features. The gulf is home to a variety of species, including the Eden’s whale, which was scientifically identified in the sea. The region was discovered to be rich in oil resources in 2008. Since 2014, it has been a site of oil exploration as part of the “Zawtika development project.”