Simeulue is an Indonesian island located 150 kilometers off the west coast of Sumatra. It has a total size of 1754 square kilometers, which includes tiny offshore islands. The population was 92,865 according to the 2020 census. Sinabang serves as its capital. Simeulue was historically known to European seafarers as “Hog Island,” and it functioned as a landing for ships looking for ports on Sumatra’s west coast for the pepper trade. It was also referred to as “Pulo Oo” or “Coconut Island.” According to some historians, the mythical islands of Lilliput and Blefuscu in Gulliver’s Travels could be regarded as two of Simeulue’s distant Indian Ocean islands: Devayan and Sigulai.