Enggano Island is located around 100 kilometers southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia. Although it can also be regarded as a barrier island of Sumatra, it is one of the 92 officially recognized offshore islands of Indonesia. Enggano is approximately 35 kilometers long and 16 kilometers wide from east to west. It has a total land area of 400.6 square kilometers, which includes four small offshore islands: Merbau, Dua, Banggai, and Satu. Enggano Island has six villages, all of which are located on the island’s one main road, which runs down the island’s northeast coast: Kayaapu, Kaana, Malakoni, Apoho, Meok, and Banjarsari. The island’s name reflects some early contact with Portuguese traders (enggano means mistake).