Pamban Island, commonly known as Rameswaram Island, is a Rama Setu archipelago island located between peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Pamban Island, the second largest in the latter, is a part of India’s Rameswaram taluk in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. In terms of land size, it is the largest island in Tamil Nadu. The island’s major town, Rameswaram, is a pilgrimage site. Pamban Island has a few hillocks and elevated physical features near Rameswaram, the tallest of which is Mt. Gandamadana. It is claimed that Lord Rama surveyed Sri Lanka from this hillock and conceived the idea of building a bridge connecting India and Sri Lanka. The location is commemorated with a temple. The majority of Pamban Island is covered in white sand and thus unsuitable for farming. Coconut and palm trees thrive, as do fig and eucalyptus plants. The seashore is densely forested with scrubs and rushes.